Solid Waste Management (SWM) is considered to be one of the most serious environmental issues in the Philippines.
The annual waste generation was estimated at 10 million tons in 2010 and this is expected to rise by 40% in 2020. The Republic Act (RA) 9003, otherwise known as the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000, provides the necessary policy framework, institutional mechanisms and mandate to the local government unites (LGUs) to achieve 25% waste reduction through establishing an integrated solid waste management plans based on 3Rs (reduce, reuse and recycling).
While the efforts of LGUs are still very limited with a mix of results in implementing the national mandate, this paper presents the experiences of Cebu, a second largest city in the Philippines with about one million people, has shown to have succeeded in reducing its municipal waste generation by more than 30% over the last three years.
The findings suggest that the impacts of the national mandate can be achieved if the LGUs have the high level of political commitment, development of effective local strategies in collaborative manner, partnership building with other stakeholders, capacity development, adequate financing and incentives, and in the close monitoring and evaluation of performance.
Principles of sustainable waste management
- Reducing the quantity of materials required for the building.
- Reducing the amount of waste generated.
- Management of construction and demolition wastes.
- Materials specifications (e.g. use of reclaimed and recycled materials).
- Provision of recycling space/facilities
Integrated solid waste management refers to the strategic approach to sustainable management of solid wastes covering all sources and all aspects, covering generation, segregation, transfer, sorting, treatment, recovery and disposal in an integrated manner, with an emphasis on maximizing resource use efficiency.
The National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) is the major agency tasked to implement Republic Act 9003.
Waste can be classified into five types of waste which is all commonly found around the house. These include liquid waste, solid rubbish, organic waste, recyclable rubbish and hazardous waste. Make sure that you segregate your waste into these different types to ensure proper waste removal.5 R’s: Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose, Recycle.
The main components of solid waste management include onsite handling, storage and processing; waste collection; transfer and transport of solid waste; and waste recovery and final
The three R’s – reduce, reuse and recycle – all help to cut down on the amount of waste we throw away. They conserve natural resources, landfill space and energy.
RA 9003 took effect in February 2001 thus open dumps should have been closed or converted to controlled disposal facilities by February 2004. Then five years after the effectivity of the Act which is February 2006, all controlled dumps should have been closed and rehabilitated.
Integrated solid waste management refers to the strategic approach to sustainable management of solid wastes covering all sources and all aspects, covering generation, segregation, transfer, sorting, treatment, recovery and disposal in an integrated manner, with an emphasis on maximizing resource use efficiency